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Squash butternut, also known as buttermilk, is one of the most popular squash.
En summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Cucurbita moschata
Family : Cucurbits
Type : Vegetable
Height : 20 to 50 cm
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich and well drained
Harvest : September to December
- To discover: butternut-based recipes
From sowing to harvesting, here's how to grow your butternuts and have great harvests.
Sowing and planting butternut
The sowing of butternut squash is carried out from February-March to April under shelter and in a bucket with a transplanting after any risk of frost, or directly in place from the month of May.
- The butternut squash particularly likes heat and therefore needs a temperate climate to rise properly.
The bucket sowing, in spring, should be done about 3 weeks before transplanting in the ground. You should therefore not sow too early.
- Fucking lightly 2 to 3 seeds per cup.
- Make sure the temperature does not drop below 12 ° during germination.
- Once emerged, we keep only the most vigorous plant.
- 3 weeks later, you can put in the ground provided that all risk of frost is eliminated.
- Provide a 2 m space between each foot.
Sowing butternut in the ground:
You can also perform a sowing directly in the ground from May on condition that you have a good late season after summer in your region.
- The richer your land, the better your production will be.
- So do not hesitate to add manure or fertilizer when planting.
- Loosen the soil well before sowing.
You can pinch the stems above the 3rd or 4th leaf in order to stimulate the development of the plant, you will have a better production.
Once your butternut plants are well developed, you need to mulch the foot to keep the soil cool and moist.
- Mulching prevents the butternut from touching the soil and thus prevents rot.
Watering the butternut:
Butternut squash needs water to thrive, especially in hot weather and / or prolonged drought.
- Watering in the morning without watering the leaves is therefore recommended in the summer.
Regarding the harvest, you can pick the butternut as soon as the leaves dry out. This is usually when she takes on a nice beige shade and her feet turn brown.
The fruits start to be ripe in September but the ideal is to pick your butternuts when the peduncle is very dry and the yellowed foliage.
- This is why the harvest is usually done at beginning of October.
- We must collect them before the first frosts, when their color is orange.
After picking, the butternut can be stored for several months, in a dry place at a temperature of 10 to 15 ° C maximum.
- Avoid keeping the butternut in a damp place as this considerably reduces the storage time.
- As soon as part of the butternut becomes soft, remove it and consume it without delay.
Good to know about butternut
We appreciate butternut for its subtle, slightly sweet taste, with hints of nut of butter.
Low in calories and rich in vitamins C, B1, B6 and K, butternut also has antioxidant properties.
Composed of 92% water, butternut is also rich in magnesium, which makes it an excellent vegetable for hypertension.
This fruit / vegetable also has the advantage of keep for a long time during winter, ideally at a temperature of around 10/12 °.
Read also: health benefits and virtues of pumpkin
Be careful not to let too much fruit develop on each plant (maximum 5 or 6) as you risk altering the general quality of the harvest.
- Tips for growing and caring for pumpkin
- All butternut-based recipes