Guide for planting a vegetable garden

Guide for planting a vegetable garden

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Successful home gardening comes with careful planning and constant attention. Select the site carefully, plant at the correct time, use the right amount of fertilizer, use adapted varieties, and control pests. Select a site exposed to full sun. Too many gardeners try to grow vegetables in competition with trees, shade from buildings, or fences. The soil should be well drained and free of harmful chemicals, oil, ashes, mortar, etc. Soil Management.

  • Vegetable Garden Calendar
  • Planting guides
  • Vegetable basics
  • Growing Vegetables Gardening Guide for Beginners
  • Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide
  • Planting Your First Vegetable Garden: A Beginner’s Guide
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to Start a Farm From Scratch (Beginner's Guide to Growing Vegetables for Profit)

Vegetable Garden Calendar

Successful home gardening comes with careful planning and constant attention. Select the site carefully, plant at the correct time, use the right amount of fertilizer, use adapted varieties, and control pests. Select a site exposed to full sun. Too many gardeners try to grow vegetables in competition with trees, shade from buildings, or fences.

The soil should be well drained and free of harmful chemicals, oil, ashes, mortar, etc. Soil Management. You can improve your garden soil by adding organic matter—compost, leaf mold, or well-rotted sawdust. Work it into the soil in the late fall. Lime and Fertilizer. A soil test is the best way to determine lime and fertilizer needs. Your county Extension office has information about soil tests.

Testing at least every 3 years is a good idea. For most vegetables, the soil pH should be around 6. To be effective, the lime must be mixed into the soil before planting. Long-season crops such as tomatoes, cabbage, pepper, okra, and potatoes need more fertilizer than short-season crops. Experience and close observation are the best guides for additional side-dressing. Seed and Plants.

Seeds are cheap, so get the best available. Plant larger seed, such as beans, cucumbers, and peas, about 1 inch deep. Use only stocky, healthy, fresh plants. Always water transplants to settle the soil around roots. Set tall plants deeper in the ground than they grew originally. Weed Control. To control weeds, use a mulch. Deep cultivation after plants are older will do more damage than good. Chemical weed killers are not usually recommended for home gardens. Before using a weed control product, get full information on how to use it and what crop it should be used on.

Water is essential for a top-notch garden. Light, frequent irrigation helps only during the period of seed germination. Overhead irrigation, especially late in the afternoon, is likely to spread certain foliage diseases. If you use overhead irrigation, do so earlier in the day so plants can dry before night. Disease Control. The best practices in disease control are rotation, clean seed, resistant varieties when available , early planting, plowing under old crop debris, mulching, and seed treatment.

Chemical fungicides may be used to control some common leaf diseases of tomatoes, squash, cucumbers, and cantaloupes. If the garden is heavily infested with nematodes, either move the garden or heat the soil through a process called soil solarization. Insect Control. For a successful garden, you must control insects. Use biosensitive insecticides as your first choice to treat for insect problems in the garden. Safer insecticidal soaps will help control aphids and other soft-bodied insects early on.

Malathion is a good all-around material for aphids and red spider mites and gives some worm control. Carbaryl Sevin is another effective material, especially for bean beetles, tomato and corn earworms, cucumber beetles, and pickleworms. Bacillus thuringiensis or Bt Dipel, Thuricide is an excellent biological control for cabbage worm or cabbage looper. Use all chemicals—for insects, weeds, or nematodes—according to directions on the label. The label will tell you the amount to be used, the crops to use it on, and the number of days between application and harvest.

The label is one of the most important pieces of garden literature available. Read and heed it for effective use and safety. The main reason for a home garden is to produce high-quality vegetables. Harvest often to get vegetables at the proper stage of maturity. If beans, okra, cucumbers, etc. Early morning harvest, before vegetables absorb heat from the sun, is best for most vegetables.

Freeze or can the surplus if you want to enjoy your garden all year. These planting dates are for Central Alabama. For South Alabama, make spring plantings approximately 10 days earlier and fall plantings 10 days later. In North Alabama, make spring plantings approximately 10 days later and fall plantings 10 days earlier.

Planting Guide for Home Gardening in Alabama. The number of days will vary depending on cultivar some mature earlier than others , temperature, and general growing conditions. Check catalogs for individual maturity time. There are many other good cultivars that are worthy of trial in the home garden.

ANR asparagus beans beets broccoli cabbage carrots cauliflower collards corn cucumbers fruits and vegetables Grow More kale lettuce okra onions peas peppers Planting Guide for Home Gardening in Alabama potatoes pumpkins radishes squash tomatoes watermelons.

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Planting guides

Gardening Help Search. Within our Gardening Help website you will find a wealth of information for the home vegetable gardener. We have factsheets on how to start a garden, visual guides that will show you how to grow vegetables in containers, frequently asked questions on vegetable gardening, and specific information on growing a wide selection of common and uncommon vegetables. We also have a complete listing of the most common insects and diseases that are problems on garden vegetables in the lower Midwest. Click the links below to take you to detailed information in each category. Follow our "Gardening by Month" calendar of what to do in your garden. Click on "Tips and Tasks" on a month and scroll down to "Vegetables".

How to grow vegetables Choose a sheltered, sunny spot for growing veg. Exceptions to this rule include salad leaves and some herbs, which can.

Vegetable basics

Log In. There is a PDF version of this document for downloading and printing. Vegetable gardening is becoming more popular—both as a pastime and a food source. We experience satisfaction in planting a seed or transplant, watching it grow to maturity, and harvesting the fruits of our labors. In addition, vegetable gardening offers a good source of exercise, with the added benefits of healthy snacks and food for the table. Vegetable gardening consists of selecting a site, planning the garden, preparing the soil, choosing the seeds and plants, planting a crop, and nurturing the plants until they are ready for harvest. The end result is fresh produce to eat, share, or sell. Anyone who is willing to invest some time every day or two to nurture the plants can grow a vegetable garden.

Growing Vegetables Gardening Guide for Beginners

To make it easier for you to plant out your garden each season, we have created a vegetable garden planting guide for each of the seasons, specifically for Melbourne and surrounding areas, which are known as Temperate or Cool in terms of their climate. We encourage you to use companion planting in your vegetable garden to reduce pests, and to get the best out of your garden without relying on sprays and chemicals. We welcome you to Contact Us online or phone Greg on with your inquiry today. We welcome you to Contact Us online or phone Greg on with your enquiry today. Yummy Gardens.

When to plant. How early you can plant depends on the hardiness of the vegetables and the climate in your area.

Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide

Vegetable gardening offers fresh air, sunshine, exercise, enjoyment, mental therapy, nutritious fresh vegetables, and economic savings, as well as many other benefits Figure 1. Vegetables can be grown year-round in Florida if attention is paid to the appropriate planting dates Table 1. To use, simply enter your zip code and a list of vegetables is generated for the time of year and your location in the state. For convenience, locate the garden near the house on a well-drained site close to a source of water and in a location that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight daily. With proper care, vegetables may also be included in the landscape among ornamental plants.

Planting Your First Vegetable Garden: A Beginner’s Guide

A vegetable hand-picked from your own garden tastes better than anything you can buy in a store. And here in Florida, home gardeners can grow vegetables all year long. Home gardens are convenient and may encourage you and your family to eat more fresh vegetables. The choices are endless, with vegetables of all sizes, colors, and shapes. Start with a plan: decide what vegetables you want to plant, and where in your garden they'll be located.Make sure your site gets plenty of sun at least six hours and is near a source of water.

Backyard veggie gardens. If you have the space for a veggie garden in the backyard, you can either plant into plots and rows or a raised garden.

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RELATED VIDEO: Companion Planting Made Easy! How To Guide

Gardeners know that a diverse mix of plants, from annuals and perennials to flowers and vegetables, makes for a healthier garden. But did you know that the right or wrong combination of certain plants could actually make them more or less productive? The process is known as companion planting. Learn which flowers and veggies work well together, and which ones should be planted far from one another.

Planting a vegetable garden is an enjoyable experience. With careful planning and preparation, you can have a good harvest.

Photo by: Image courtesy of Atlanta Botanical Garden. Provide adequate soil moisture throughout the growing season to help fast-growing plants establish strong roots and produce fruit. The most critical times are just after planting and as the desirable edible part is forming. Keep the top 6 inches of soil moist for seedlings and young plants. Once plants become established, encourage deep rooting by wetting the soil at least 6 inches deep when the top 3 to 4 inches feel dry. Add a 2- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch around your vegetable plants to suppress weeds, maintain soil moisture, reduce watering, moderate soil temperature, improve soil health, and keep vegetables cleaner. Pine needles, shredded leaves, straw, and grass clippings from untreated lawns work well.

The most important factor in planning a vegetable garden is location. Choose a site with full sun, good drainage and no standing water, even after the heaviest rain. Keep the garden away from trees and shrubs, which may compete with vegetables for water, nutrients, and light.